Community Pharmacists’ knowledge and practice toward antibiotic resistance in Kuwait


The misuse ofantibiotics is a factor contributing to the rise of resistance particularly incountries where there is a lack of procedures for restricting and auditingantibiotic prescriptions. There are very limited data from Kuwait exploring thecommunity pharmacists’ role in reducing antibiotic misuse and resistanceand so the aim of this study is to assess community pharmacists’ knowledge andpractice towards antibiotic resistance in Kuwait. A cross-sectional study wasconducted among the primary care centres’ pharmacists in Al-Asema and Hawallydistricts in Kuwait between June-July 2018, using a self-administered onlinequestionnaire. Out of 274, 156 pharmacists completed the questionnaire. A totalof 148 pharmacists (95%) strongly agreed/agreed that antibiotics can cause an allergic reaction. Moreover, results showed that a significant proportion ofthe participants (n= 42, 27.6%) never take part in antimicrobial awarenesscampaigns to promote the optimal use of antibiotics. Pharmacists in primarycare settings in Kuwait have excellent knowledge and good practice towardantibiotics resistance. These findings will aid in encouraging collaborativework between pharmacists and other health care professional to limit antibioticresistance in Kuwait and provide further insight in designing futureinterventions to reduce antibiotic resistance in Kuwait. 


Kuwait, Pharmacists, Resistance, Antibiotics, Knowledge

How to Cite

Taqi A. & Ashkanani F. & Shebl N. A., (2021) “Community Pharmacists’ knowledge and practice toward antibiotic resistance in Kuwait”, British Journal of Pharmacy 5(1). doi:






Amnah Taqi (Ministry of Health-Kuwait)
Fatemah Ashkanani (Ministry of Health-Kuwait)

Nada Atef Shebl (University of Hertfordshire)





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